Diagnóstico y Tratamiento de Tromboembolismo Pulmonar Masivo Mediante Trombectomía Mecánica. Reporte de un caso.

David Alberto Lindo Cardenas, Gilberto Chanis

Resumen


 [Diagnosis and Treatment of Massive Pulmonary Embolism by Means of Mechanical Thrombectomy. Case Report]

Resumen

El Tromboembolismo pulmonar puede considerarse una de las complicaciones más graves en Medicina. Consiste en la obstrucción de una arteria pulmonar, usualmente secundaria a un trombo. Esta obstrucción condiciona una disminución de la perfusión sanguínea a los alveolos, lo que lleva a la disminución de  la oxigenación sanguínea corporal. Entre los síntomas más comunes, podemos observar disnea, dolor torácico y los signos más comunes son la disminución de la saturación de oxigeno, la taquipnea y la taquicardia.

Con las mejoras tecnológicas y las mejoras en la precisión diagnóstica, la tomografía computada se ha convertido en el estudio de elección específicamente, la Angiotomografía de Tórax.

 

Abstract

Pulmonary Thromboembolism can be considered one of Medicine’s most severe complications. It consists in the obstruction of a pulmonary artery, usually caused by a thrombus. This obstruction causes a reduction of blood flow to the alveoli which consequently diminishes blood oxygenation for the rest of the body. The most common symptoms seen are dyspnea, thoracic pain and the most common clinical signs are tachycardia, tachypnea and a reduction in blood saturation.

With the advances in technology and the improvements in diagnostic precision, Computed Tomography has become today’s gold standard, specifically Computed Angiotomography.


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Referencias


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