Cuestionario de evaluación de la salud bucal de la OMS. Una herramienta útil en grupos de población

[WHO Oral Health Assessment Questionnaire. A useful tool in population groups]
DOI: 10.37980/im.journal.rmdp.20211811
Publicado
2021-10-26

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Autores/as

  • Sandro Alexander Lévano Loayza Universidad Estadual de Campinas, Departamento de Farmacología, Anestesiología y Terapéutica. Piracicaba, Brasil.

Palabras clave:

Salud Bucal, Autoevaluación, Calidad De Vida, Estado de salud

Keywords:

Oral Health, Self-assesment, Quality of Life, Health status

Resumen

La aplicación de encuestas epidemiológicas posee una vital importancia en la supervisión del estado de salud bucal de las comunidades frente a la alta prevalencia de enfermedades bucodentales, como la caries dental y la enfermedad periodontal que sumado a factores de riesgo de origen hereditario, sistémico, adicción a drogas, mala higiene bucal y estrés psicosocial deterioran y ponen en riesgo la calidad de vida del individuo. El uso de cuestionarios a diferencia del examen clínico estándar, presenta diversas ventajas que permiten obtener información epidemiológica básica pero relevante con un costo menor, recolectando información demográfica, factores de riesgo, frecuencia de la higiene bucal personal, utilización de servicios de salud bucal, nivel socioeconómico, lugar de residencia y frecuencia de ingesta de azúcar, ayudando así en la prevención de enfermedades bucodentales y la promoción en salud bucal.


Abstract

The application of epidemiological surveys is of vital importance in monitoring the oral health status of communities in view of the high prevalence of oral diseases, such as dental caries and periodontal disease, which together with risk factors of hereditary and systemic origin, drug addiction, poor oral hygiene and psychosocial stress, deteriorate and jeopardize the quality of life of the individual. The use of questionnaires, unlike the standard clinical examination, presents several advantages that allow obtaining basic but relevant epidemiological information at a lower cost, collecting demographic information, risk factors, frequency of personal oral hygiene, use of oral health services, socioeconomic level, place of residence and frequency of sugar intake, thus helping in the prevention of oral diseases and the promotion of oral health.

Citas

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